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MORE LOOK-ALIKES - (or do they?) -  DUGAN versus RIIHIMAKI
EDA Glassworks also made a version of this FOUR FLOWERS pattern.

 
Drawings taken directly from the Riihimaki Catalogue - 1939.
Drawings taken directly from the
 Riihimaki Catalogue - 1939.
Amethyst FOUR FLOWERS VARIANT pattern seen in Finnish Museum dosplay
Amethyst FOUR FLOWERS VARIANT pattern seen in Finnish Museum display.

These drawings taken directly from the 1939 Riihimaki Catalogue offer no indication as to whether crystal or carnival glass. We must presume that each number is indicative of a different size or shape.
The prevailing question is whether Riihimaki purchased the Dugan moulds and continued making FOUR FLOWERS until -? - 1939 - when WWII would have placed an extra crimp in their operations?
Dugan Glass Co. of Indiana, PA began in 1904. A vacant plant was purchased in1895 by Northwood, who operated it for a few years and then sold the plant to National Glass in 1899.  National Glass failed and Dugan, with the help of other investors, purchased the glass plant in 1904. Thomas Dugan & W.G. Minnemeyer operated the site as Dugan Glass Co., producing until 1913, when the name was changed - to Diamond Glass Co.
The plant operated until 1931, when destroyed by fire and never rebuilt because of the Great  Depression which gripped the United States and the glass industry. - SO! During some of these upheavals, could Riihimaki have purchased that mould? There do not appear to be any other 揇ugan? type pieces in the Catalogue.
Now, let's get very serious! Differences are slight, perhaps, but in taking a scrutinizing look at comparisons, we must admit that these moulds really are not the same at all. In taking a closer look at the Four Flowers Variant pieces, you will notice that there is more space inside the 搇oops?and within each 搇oop?you will see an additional design not found on the Dugan Four Flowers pattern.
In taking a feasible approach, we believe a strong possibility exists that design characteristics were employed by two entirely different mould makers; one in Europe and another in the United States. This would explain the variations in pattern; neither maker wishing to precisely 揷opy?from the other.

 
Exterior design used on some examples of FOUR FLOWERS VARIANT
11 in. Chop Plate-FOUR FLOWERS VARIANT-amethyst.
Exterior design used on some examples of FOUR FLOWERS VARIANT 
11 in. Chop Plate -FOUR FLOWERS VARIANT- amethyst.
9 in. FOUR FLOWERS VARIANT Plate in Ice Green..
FOUR FLOWERS VARIANT 9 in. Scoop Plate in Green.
9 in. FOUR FLOWERS VARIANT Plate in Ice Green
FOUR FLOWERS VARIANT 9 in. Scoop Plate in Green

FOUR FLOWERS Variant Exterior: Seldom seen, but it is a very nice design used on some of the Riihimaki pieces.

FOUR FLOWERS Variant - has the scalloped edge. There is a design within the geometric loop, and truly, the design of the large flower-like design is different from that used on the Dugan pieces. These Riihimaki plates and bowls have an almost black amethyst base glass color, and the weight is heavier than in the Dugan pieces. The glass is fractionally thicker.

 
Marigold FOUR FLOWERS 10 in. Bowl with SODA GOLD Exterior
Marigold FOUR FLOWERS 10 in. Bowl with SODA GOLD Exterior

FOUR FLOWERS 10?BOWL: in marigold is also known in amethyst and peach opal.
Berry sets include an 8-9?bowl and 5-6?size. Banana shape is available in amethyst and peach opal, along with a triangular shaped bowl in peach opal.    8?9?bowls have been found in marigold, amethyst, peach opalescent, cobalt blue, amber, green, vaseline, teal.  
 
11 in. FOUR FLOWERS Chop Plate Amethyst-smooth exterior-in purple.
11 in. Peach Opal FOUR FLOWERS Chop Plate having smooth exterior.
11 in. FOUR FLOWERS Chop Plate Amethyst - smooth exterior
11 in. Peach Opal FOUR FLOWERS Chop Plate having smooth exterior.

FOUR FLOWERS Chop plate - This 11 ¼?plate has smooth edge, no design within the loop, and when held to the light to check base glass color, it is the typical purple coloration, with some light showing through it. Peach Opal chop plates are more easily found than purple or marigold. Purple chop plates are considered rare. Some examples are found to have the Soda Gold pattern exterior.

 
7 in. Peach Opal FOUR FLOWERS plate having the BASKETWEAVE Exterior.
7 in. Peach Opal FOUR FLOWERS plate having the BASKETWEAVE Exterior.

FOUR FLOWERS Small 6?plate -  is shown here more to display the distinct differences in overall iridescent application than anything else. Of course, this famous Dugan pattern is quite desirable. Found only in this plate form and the bowls of the original mould, they are difficult to locate in either size. This small size plate is more rare than the chop plates in purple color. Peach Opal is not difficult to locate. Marigold is a scarce color in this size. Some examples are found to have the Soda Gold exterior pattern.

 
Thought to be the first blue Dugan FOUR FLOWERS Plate to surface! 9.75 in. x 1.75 in. high.
Blue FOUR FLOWERS Plate-1.75 in. high
Thought to be the first blue Dugan FOUR FLOWERS Plate to surface!
9.75 in. x 1.75 in. high.
Blue FOUR FLOWERS
Plate - Smooth exterior.

*What is thought to be the first large plate in blue surfaced in Feb. 2005,  in size: 9 ¾? standing only 1 ¾?tall.

Dean & Diane Fry - 12/06


Today's reading is a psalm of lament. David expressed his sorrow and loss while being held captive in Gath (1Samuel 21:10-15). He reaffirmed his trust in the Lord repeatedly (vv. 3, 4, 11), but struggled nonetheless with the fearful status of his life. He lamented the danger he was in and cried out to God with tears and vows (vv.8, 12), seeking help.


Should you care to contact the Frys, their email address is:

dndn74@embarqmail.com



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