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Stippled N Grape and Cable Revised
揝TIPPLED?GRAPE & CABLE?/FONT>
By Jerry & Carol Curtis
Northwood GRAPE & CABLE Bon-bons - Stippled & Unstippled in Blue.
Left - N. GRAPE & CABE Bon-bon in Blue - Chisel #5 applied for Stippling.
Right - Number 5 Chisel.
Green N. GRAPE & CABLE 9 in. Plate with Stippling extended over all but Grapes.
This Article is more about the 損rocess?rather than the piece. Recently, Carol and I purchased a beautiful Grape and Cable Bon-bon by Northwood in Blue. We noticed the piece was 搒tippled?and that made it even more appealing to us. As most of us do after buying a piece of glass, we immediately went to Mordini抯 auction report to see how we had fared with our purchase. I was certainly surprised at my findings. In checking back from the current year to 1988, I found that while there had been numerous sales of the blue bon-bon of the regular variety, [22 reported], there had been only  of the Blue Stippled Bon-bons reported sold during the same  year time frame. Also, the stippled variety of any pattern seems to be bringing a higher price when sold. Being of an inquisitive nature, I decided to try and find out a little about stippling. Where else does one go to have a process explained to him but Frank Fenton? I contacted Frank and asked him the following questions regarding the 搒tippling?process. I formatted the questions with Mr. Fenton抯 replies in 搎uotation?marks.
1. Could you explain the process used by the early Fenton Company to achieve the stippling process? Is that process still being used today?
揟he process that we use today is essentially the same process as that used many years ago. We have many more tools and lots of up-to-date things we can do, but in general the stippling is done about the same way as it has always been done. What happens is that the mould maker has a special tool and he stipples by placing one end of the tool on the cast iron mould [or plunger] and hitting the other end of the tool with a hammer. He repeats this process many times and the result is a whole bunch of little dots. They may be circular, triangular, or square dots. He puts those in a random manner in the area that is supposed to be stippled. If we want a special texture pattern like that we used on our Carnival Glass heart-shaped candy box [that抯 a new one that came into the line in the early 70抯], that kind of pattern, which is a regular pattern of detail, we need to send the piece to have the pattern etched on the item. This is something they never thought of doing many years ago. But the stippling you抮e talking about is still being done the same way?
2. Why were some pieces stippled while others were not?
揘ow what could be the reasons why somebody stipples a piece??/FONT>
揟he mould-maker or designer wants a different texture from the shiny surface of the Glass, so he stipples a portion to get the texture. This was often done on clear crystal pieces, usually on the outside of the glass, but occasionally on the inside. It抯 essentially an effort to create some variety in the design and to show up the plain surface better by having the stippled area around it. Sometimes we do the stippling in the patterned portion and leave the plain part of the piece shiny.
As you suggest, it could also have been done in order to have the iridizing appear differently on the stippled portion than it does on the shiny portion. If the stippling is on the outside of the piece, it may have been done in order to cover up or eliminate the 搒ettle wave? When the glass is first dropped into the mould, it settles before the plunger has a chance to get to it. Right at that point, when the plunger hits it, the glass moves and makes a little wave that goes all the way around the piece. Most pressed pieces have some settle waves and we don抰 worry about them. But sometimes stippling will cause that not to happen. In rare cases, it may be done because there was some damage to the mould and they decided to stipple the surface in order to cover the damage. This could happen either on the mould surface or the plunger surface [which is the interior of
the piece]. There are many old patterned glass pieces made primarily in crystal that were stippled in certain portions of the piece in order to give it a frosted effect, something like the Posies and Pods tumbler or pitcher made by Northwood. I don抰 think that pattern ever got into the Carnival Glass trade. I just looked in Dave Doty抯 book and don抰 find it listed under that name. The Lightening Flower pattern by Northwood is another one that comes to mind that was probably made first in crystal. That one is shown in Doty抯 book?
3. Was this a planned result of the glassmakers or was it purely accidental?
揑抦 sure the stippling is a planned result of the mould-maker抯 or glassworker抯
process. I can also imagine that there would be times when the item would be made
without stippling and then the manufacturer would look at it and say, let抯 stipple this
portion to improve it. We sometimes do that. Most of our moulds are made from a
drawings, and sometimes the glass doesn抰 look like the drawing indicated it was go-
ing to look. When we see it in glass, we may decide we need to do something else
to make the pattern more distinct or to improve the general quality of the piece.
That抯 where stippling comes in?
Well there you have it. Many thanks to Frank Fenton for sharing this information with us. It is always very meaningful to us all when we may call on such an experienced person as Frank Fenton and have our questions answered. As you can see from Frank抯 responses, the stippling process was an added detail in the production of Carnival Glass. Something that Mr. Fenton said in one of his responses kind of stuck in my mind; the second question and his 4th response about mould or plunger damage. Perhaps the stippling effect on Northwood抯 pieces came about in the latter years of production, when the moulds were getting old and worn from so much use. Perhaps the stippling effect was an added feature to cover up that mould or plunger damage. That might explain why there were relatively fewer Grape and Cable pieces that were stippled, for it may have been added just prior to the closing of the Northwood Company. (Revised: 10/15/11)
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